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The Science of Climate Change

Climate change is no longer a distant threat or just a possibility, it is now a reality for all of us. In this pathway, Kevin Trenberth, a renowned climatologist, delves into the science behind climate change. He first introduces the climate system, its main components and forces.

Tackling the Plastic Crisis

Plastic pollution is by far the biggest threat to our oceans and this remains an incredibly tough problem to solve. Plastic credits could potentially serve as one of the much needed solutions for this crisis.

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The Scale of the Net Zero Challenge

The price of meeting net zero is estimated to be between $100-150 trillion over the next 30 years. Regardless of this cost, we need to reach net zero before climate change does irreversible damage to the environment and the economy.

ESG, Sustainability and Impact Jargon Buster

ESG, sustainability, impact… they all just mean green, right? Not quite. Despite being used often interchangeably, there are distinct differences between these terms.

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Featured Pathways

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The Science of Climate Change

Climate change is no longer a distant threat or just a possibility, it is now a reality for all of us. In this pathway, Kevin Trenberth, a renowned climatologist, delves into the science behind climate change. He first introduces the climate system, its main components and forces.

Tackling the Plastic Crisis

Plastic pollution is by far the biggest threat to our oceans and this remains an incredibly tough problem to solve. Plastic credits could potentially serve as one of the much needed solutions for this crisis.

More pathways

Book a demo

Pricing

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Plans & Membership

Our Platform

Expert led content

+1,000 expert presented, on-demand video modules

Learning analytics

Keep track of learning progress with our comprehensive data

Interactive learning

Engage with our video hotspots and knowledge check-ins

Testing & certification

Gain CPD / CPE credits and professional certification

Managed learning

Build, scale and manage your organisation’s learning

Integrations

Connect Sustainability Unlocked to your current platform

Featured Content

More featured content

The Scale of the Net Zero Challenge

The price of meeting net zero is estimated to be between $100-150 trillion over the next 30 years. Regardless of this cost, we need to reach net zero before climate change does irreversible damage to the environment and the economy.

ESG, Sustainability and Impact Jargon Buster

ESG, sustainability, impact… they all just mean green, right? Not quite. Despite being used often interchangeably, there are distinct differences between these terms.

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Book a demo

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Principal Adverse Impact (PAI) Indicators

Principal Adverse Impact (PAI) Indicators

Keith Mullin

35 years: Capital markets editorial

In this video, Keith explores the Principal Adverse Impact indicators (PAIs) under the SFDR. PAIs are crucial in assessing and disclosing the negative sustainability impacts of fund investments. He discusses their purpose and highlights key PAIs related to climate, environment, social, and employee considerations. Join us to understand how PAIs promote transparency and informed decision-making in sustainable finance.

In this video, Keith explores the Principal Adverse Impact indicators (PAIs) under the SFDR. PAIs are crucial in assessing and disclosing the negative sustainability impacts of fund investments. He discusses their purpose and highlights key PAIs related to climate, environment, social, and employee considerations. Join us to understand how PAIs promote transparency and informed decision-making in sustainable finance.

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Principal Adverse Impact (PAI) Indicators

11 mins 9 secs

Overview

The SFDR is a regulation mandating the disclosure of sustainability risks and negative impacts in fund investments. It aims to improve transparency and inform investment decisions. The regulation includes 64 Principal Adverse Impact indicators (PAIs), both mandatory and voluntary, covering climate, environment, social, and employee aspects. Examples of PAIs include greenhouse gas emissions, biodiversity, gender pay gap, and exposure to controversial weapons.

Key learning objectives:

  • Understand the purpose of the PAIs

  • Outline some of the main PAIs

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Summary

What is the purpose of PAIs? 

The purpose of the Principal Adverse Impact indicators (PAIs) is to assess and disclose the negative impacts on sustainability resulting from a fund's investment processes. PAIs provide a standardised framework for evaluating various aspects, including climate, environment, social, and employee considerations. These indicators help investors and end-users understand the potential adverse effects of their investments beyond surface-level sustainability claims. By requiring the disclosure of PAIs, the Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation (SFDR) aims to increase transparency, enable informed decision-making, and ensure that investment strategies align with sustainability goals. PAIs play a crucial role in identifying and addressing the hidden externalities associated with supposedly sustainable investment products.

What are the main PAIs?

The PAIs are a vital component of the SFDR, designed to assess and disclose the negative impacts on sustainability within fund investments. The SFDR outlines a comprehensive set of 64 PAIs, consisting of both mandatory and voluntary indicators.

The mandatory PAIs cover various aspects of climate, environment, social, and employee considerations. For climate and environment, indicators include greenhouse gas emissions, biodiversity, water, and waste. These indicators allow for a thorough evaluation of a fund's environmental footprint, including its contributions to climate change, impact on ecosystems, and resource consumption.

In terms of social and employee aspects, the mandatory indicators encompass factors such as gender pay gap, board gender diversity, and exposure to controversial weapons. These indicators shed light on social inequalities, diversity within company leadership, and ethical considerations related to investment activities.

Additionally, the SFDR allows for voluntary PAIs, expanding the scope of assessment. These voluntary indicators cover areas such as emissions, energy performance, water, waste, material emissions, biodiversity, and social factors like workplace safety and human rights policies. By including voluntary indicators, the SFDR encourages fund managers to go beyond the minimum requirements and provide additional transparency on sustainability-related aspects.

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Keith Mullin

Keith Mullin

Keith is the founder and director of KM Capital Markets, a media and thought-leadership consultancy. He spent the past 35 years working in specialist capital markets media and has had a ring-side seat at all of the major market events. Prior to setting up KM Capital Markets in 2017, Keith worked at Thomson Reuters.

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