Aquaculture describes the farming of various aquatic organisms, such as fish, shellfish, and aquatic plants. It can be carried out in freshwater, brackish water, or marine environments and can involve a number of controlled production systems, such as ponds, tanks, and cages, all of which can be placed on land. Alternatively, aquaculture can also take place in shallow, sheltered waters near to the shore or even out at sea in large, fenced off areas. The process plays a significant role in global food security, providing a valuable source of protein and contributing to economic development in many regions. Sustainable aquaculture practices have a range of potential benefits since they aim to minimise environmental impacts, maintain biodiversity, and promote social responsibility.